Sad to invest money in a good DSLR camera and not being able to get more than pictures unsuccessful, ugly and disastrous, one after another, because naive carelessness about basic rules to photography, rules that every photographer, however beginner it should know. Today I bring you a series of tips and basic rules of photography with which you can make good pictures of those that meet the eye From there, make them spectacular depend only on you. At least the rules are on your side.
- The Rule of Thirds
This rule is very simple, but has tremendous power in the way we view the photo. It is to divide the image, mentally, into 9 equal parts (by 2 horizontal parallel lines and another 2 vertical) and then place the subject at some point of intersection of the lines. This photo illustrates this perfectly:
As you can see, the photographer has placed the bird on the point of intersection of the lower left part of the frame. Any other point of intersection we would equally valid.
This is called photographic strengths. They are points that especially attract attention and give the subject greater interest and involvement.
- The Law of Horizon
Useful when photographing landscapes. When you’re composing a picture, before firing imagine two parallel horizontal lines dividing the picture into 3 equal parts. This applies in both horizontal or vertical modes.
If you want to take special interest is the sky, the horizon located on the bottom line. If instead you want to give more importance to terrestrial landscape, place the horizon in the second line, the top.
- Explore new angles
Photography experience shooting with your camera from daring and unusual angles. For example, take a Picture yourself in the rear of the car (only when the driver is not you, please) or capture the image of a historical building reflected in a pool of water.
- Come without fear of subjects
Use the macro function of your camera (in automatic mode you can identify with a symbol of flower, and SLRs using a macro lens) and take pictures of small objects very close. Capture details. You could even focus exclusively on the detail, ignoring the rest of the object. The results are often very striking.
- Adopts the height of your old small subjects
To achieve great photos of children, please squatting or kneeling down and try to place the camera at the same height as the child or animal you want to photograph and transmit any more real.
- Use the flash outdoors
For portraits, use the flash outdoors. Even if you make a particularly sunny day, the flash helps prevent shady areas occupying the face of the person to wear such a hat or something or projected shade because the sun is above or behind the person photographed. Best to avoid forcing the flash. Fill flash is called, and its purpose is not to illuminate the darkness, but the subject’s face fills light for it to become uniform with what surrounds it.
And the golden advice ..
- Always shoot in RAW
Make all your photos in RAW. This format preserves all photo elements (colors, light, shadows, saturation) and yellows, through further processing, move them at will. Take a photo in JPG produce a final photo in which we would have more room for change. (More on the pros and cons of shooting in RAW, here).